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Subject: Re: Audio pre-amp IC's
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Date: 12/26/00 at 4:28 AM
Posted by: revathy
In Reply to: Audio pre-amp IC's posted by Alan on 09/30/00 at 2:09 PM:
Simple microphone preamplifier
Summary of circuit features
· Brief description of operation: Simple microphone preamplifier
· Circuit protection: No special protection circuits used
· Circuit complexity: Very simple one transistor circuit
· Circuit performance: Amplification 35 dB, flat frequency response from 20 Hz to 20 kHz, quite poor distortion performance figures, a little bit noisy
· Availability of components: Uses common and easily available components
· Design testing: I have built few microphone preamplifiers based on this circuit and theu have worked without problems.
· Applications: Interface dynamic or electret microphone to a line level audio input in HIFI amplifier or computer soundcard.
· Power supply: 9V battery, takes less than 10 mA current
· Estimated component cost: Electronics components than $10
· Safety considerations: No special electrical safety considerations.
This is a simple microphone preamplifier circuit which you can use between your microphone and stereo amplifier. This circuit amplifier microphone suitable for use with normal home stereo amplifier line/CD/aux/tape inputs. This microphone preamplifier can take both dynamic and electret microphone inputs (preamplifier provides power foe electret microphone elements). The idea of this circuit is to keep the design as simple as possible to be easy to build. That was my goal when I needed a simple external microphone preamplifier for my mixer. The performance of the circuit is nothing superior but can be used with many not so serious projects.
The circuit is a simple one transistor amplifier with amplification of about 30-40 dB (depends on transitor, temperature and voltage). The dynamic mic input is just a simple one transistor amplifier circuit with nothing special in it. LED D1 is in the circuit to show that the circuit operates. The voltage drop caused by LED (around 1.8V for RED led) has been taten in account when designing the amplifier circuit built around Q1. Resistor R4 and capacitor C5 make a filter to filter out possible noise from battery or other power source which is used to feed this circuit. Capacitors C1, C2 and C3 are used to block the DC bias on Q1 base to flow out of microphone input to microphone (the polarity of all capactors is straigh line = + and curved line = -).
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